Pronator teres

  • The pronator teres (or pronator teres muscle, latin: musculus pronator teres) is a quadrangular, superficial muscle that belongs to the anterior muscle group of the forearm and lies in the first, most superficial layer.

    The pronator teres has two heads: the humeral and ulnar.

    Origin

    The humeral head of the pronator teres originates from the medial epicondyle of the humerus, but the ulnar head arises from the coronoid process of ulna.

    Insertion

    The pronator teres passes obliquely to the lateral side of the forearm and ends in a flat tendon that inserts on the middle of the lateral and posterior surfaces of the radius.

    Action

    As all ventral muscles of the forearm, the pronator teres participates in flexion, in this case, the flexion of the forearm. Another function of the pronator teres is pronation of the forearm.

    Innervation

    The pronator teres is innervated by the median nerve.