The ilioinguinal nerve (latin: nervus ilioinguinalis) is a cutaneous nerve that originates from the lumbar plexus and mainly provides sensory innervation to the skin of the upper medial thigh, external genitalia and pubic region.
The ilioinguinal nerve arises from the anterior ramus of the first lumbar nerve (L1) via the lumbar plexus.
The ilioinguinal nerve crosses the anterior surface of the quadratus lumborum and passes between the abdominal transverse muscle and the abdominal internal muscle, then it enters the inguinal canal, emerges via the superficial inguinal ring and divides into terminal branches: the anterior scrotal branches in male and anterior labial branches in female.
The terminal branches of the ilioinguinal nerve innervate the skin of the external genitals, pubic region and the upper third of the medial surface of the thigh.
The ilioinguinal nerve also gives off muscular branches that innervate the lower part of the lateral abdominal muscles.