The femoral artery (latin: arteria femoralis) is a large artery of the thigh. The femoral artery is a continuation of external iliac artery.
After the external iliac artery passes behind the inguinal ligament, it is called the femoral artery. The femoral artery transverses the vascular lacuna, reaching the anterior surface of the thigh. Then it runs in the iliopectineal groove and later in the anterior femoral groove, entering the adductor canal, where it comes out via the adductor hiatus and reaches the popliteal fossa. At this point the femoral artery becomes the popliteal artery.
The femoral artery gives off superficial and deep branches.
There are four superficial branches of the femoral artery, and these are:
- superficial epigastric artery,
- superficial circumflex iliac artery,
- external pudendal artery,
- inguinal branches.
The femoral artery gives off three deep branches, these are:
- deep femoral artery,
- perforating arteries,
- descending genicular artery.
The femoral artery is the main provider of the arterial blood supply to the thigh. The femoral artery also supplies the superficial tissue of the pelvis and the anterior abdominal wall.